The Treaty establishing the East African Community then names as subsequent stages of EAC integration the establishment of a Common Market, then a Monetary Union and ultimately a Political Federation. These reports provide in-depth analyses of progress towards fulfilling the objectives of Africa’s regional integration in broad and thematic areas, in accordance with . For example, you know that access to electricity in Africa is very low—more than 60% of our rural population has no access to electricity. therefore fills a gap in the Africa Regional Integration Index, which could not forecast the implementation of an integration programme with reference to the objectives, deadlines and implementation action plans fixed. This naturally includes trade arrangements, but SADC was not originally conceived as a primarily trade integration process. This article was published in GREAT Insights Volume 1, Issue 1 2.4.2 Specific Obstacles to Regional Integration in East Africa..... 45 . The main strategy of the Plan for Regional integration is seen as a rational response to the difficulties faced by a continent with many small national markets and landlocked countries. It works with the media in Africa and beyond to promote the work of the United Nations, Africa and the international community to bring peace and development to Africa. What is the current state of integration? The aim is to move rapidly towards an integrated trade area with a common external tariff applied by about twenty member countries stretching from Mauritius in the south, through east and central Africa and as far as Egypt in north Africa. There is now a division of labour between the AU Commission, the Regional Economic Communities and AUDA in implementing the AU’s strategic frameworks at the national and regional levels. the regional economic communities in Africa, having received the highest score among those communities on the regional Integration Index of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA). On the other hand, there are also real political, social and cultural commonalities and shared experiences amongst the people within the new African nations. The money we get from the African Union is rarely used for projects in Egypt, South Africa or Nigeria. In an interview with Africa Renewal’s Kingsley Ighobor in New York Dr. Mayaki spoke on AUDA’s role in Africa’s development agenda and discussed regional integration and his agency’s plan to create a million jobs. African social movement analysts and activists hear constant references by their governments to the importance of African unity and cooperation. You have also advocated for a bottom-up approach to development. challenges to regional integration in africa: the case of the revived east africa community 2000-2012 gichohi marvin muhammad r50/69883/2011 a thesis submitted in partial fulfillment for the degree of master of arts in international studies.institute of diplomacy and international studies, university of nairobi august 2015 What should be done about that? That way we boost intra-Africa trade. These preferential measures could provide the productive resource base and rising production-and-consumption levels for the majority, and thus create a self-reinforcing development dynamic, a continuous upward development spiral for the whole. Their reactions are not only against the national programs and performance of their governments and their various formal - but largely paper - regional integration plans, but they are skeptical even about the very idea of regional or continental integration. These differing and conflicting integration programs are adding to the skepticism, indifference and even growing alienation of social movement analysts and activists. At one level, nationalism has been deliberately fostered by the ruling elites as part of their ideological and politi This requires special and differential treatment between countries with such uneven economic, technical and organisational capacities, in order that the weaker are not disadvantaged in their economic interactions with stronger. Every year we need to create 20 million jobs. But other types of 'combined' efforts and agencies would be even more important for deeper and more inclusive, more pervasive and multi-layered development. Regionalism in Africa has always had a strong political motive. The overall strategic objective of re-grouping African countries and (re)integrating the continent was, from the start, a fundamental response to the effects of colonialism, and intrinsic to African struggles against colonialism and against neo-colonialism after 'independence'. The AU has really made great strides, particularly in the continental free trade area. Such joint programs would not only build on the existing 'comparative advantages' of specific member states (that is, what they already have or can do) but be expressly designed to qualitatively shift and share out the 'competitive advantages' of the already more developed countries in the region; that is to raise up all the respectiv(capacities and levels of development. This is what I call bottom-up. However, there are still lessons to be drawn from successful . The objectives of the agreement could range from economic to political to environmental, although it has typically taken the form of a political economy initiative where commercial interests are the focus for achieving broader socio-political and security objectives, as defined by national governments. If the consensus is strong—and that takes time to build—we can have strong agreements and start thinking about an implementation roadmap. We want these best practices to be replicated in all countries. The more buy-in you have in the design of a project, the less resistance you have during implementation. The money we get from the African Union is rarely used for projects in Egypt, South Africa or Nigeria. They include many that are also small in territory and/or population and partly or totally landlocked, physically located within other countries. 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