Spartiates were the “soldier-citizens” of the ancient world, who knew comparatively little about economics, farming and civilian life. DOCUMENTS 2- Ancient Athenian and Spartan Military A: shows an Ancient Greek military fighting style called the phalanx, both Athens and Sparta used this fighting style. SPARTA. Their government was a full democracy in which they had an assembly was all male citizens over 25 years old, they had the council of five hundred which was chosen by lot of people over 30 and they proposed laws to the assembly. Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. Â¿CuÃ¡les son los 10 mandamientos de la Biblia Reina Valera 1960? Much of this can be traced to their ethnic roots. C: describes the military training of Sparta and Athens. The Peloponnesian War, fought between Athens and Sparta (two leading ancient Greek city states) from 431 to 404 BCE, is perhaps the most important and also the most well-known of all these conflicts as it helped redefine the balance of power in the ancient world. DOCUMENTS 2- Ancient Athenian and Spartan Military. Athens and Sparta: Similarities and… One of the greatest city states of all time was the city state of Athens from which we take many of our modern ways. Athens was a cultural and creative haven while Sparta was a militaristic society. However these types of government have advantages like the monarchy, the king may control everything so he could make the right choices. All the sciences, democracy, philosophy etc were originally found in Athens. View Taylor Dalziel - Athens and Sparta DBQ-District Assessment.docx from AP WORLD H 1164 at Millard North High School. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? The Spartan equivalent of the senate was its gerousia, while Ephors and the Kings would regularly attend the apella (general assembly) to develop and try to pass rhetrai, or motions and decrees. How do you tell if a circuit is 15 or 20 amp? In Athens, the baby boys were more important than girls and wealthy children were raised by a special tutor; from age 7 the boys started to go to school and received special training for different works. What two Latin words does the English word uniform from? Army. One of the other similarities is that all Athenian and Sparta women have to get married. On the other hand, oligarchy was based in a government that was ruled by a small group of citizens that make decisions. However there were some things in Athens and Sparta which had a striking similarity such as the worship of Greek gods and goddesses and the bravery on the war-front. Athens also had much more trading power, and controlled more land than Sparta. Friction between Athens and the Peloponnesian states, including Sparta, began early in the Pentecontaetia; in the wake of the departure of the Persians from Greece, Sparta attempted to prevent the reconstruction of the walls of Athens (without the walls, Athens would have been defenseless against a land attack and subject to Spartan control), but was rebuffed. Poleponnesian. This invasion involved two campaigns, resulting in a decisive Athenian (Greek) victory during the Battle of Marathon in 490 B.C. However when the Athenian boys were born the healthy ones were raised by some special tutors, the unhealthy were send to the gates so people passing by may take them. Women were allowed to inherit land in Sparta. Similarities Between Athens and Sparta. To which date do we assign the origin of the military uniform? Sparta's government was an Obligarchy, which means it was in the hands of a few. Athens And Sparta Essay. B: shows a hoplite, which is the name for Greek soldiers, both Athens and Sparta had this type of soldier. Accompanying every hoplite was a lightly armed attendant, either a poor citizen who could not afford a regular suit of armor (panoplia), or possibly a trusted slave. Known as the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.E. Keeping this in consideration, what are the similarities between Spartan and Athenian education? The two most powerful and best-known of those city-states were Athens and Sparta. Education in Athens was private and concentrated mainly on philosophy, the arts, and the sciences. 2a: What are two similarities between Athenian and Spartan soldiers? The Athenians had a strong army but freedom was very important and the education to the people was a priority. State one similarity between both schools. Only the threat of invasion by a foreign enemy made the Greeks forget their quarrels and fight on the same side. Athens tried to disrupt these connections by stationing a 33-ship squadron off the Gulf of Corinth, only to have it ravaged by 25 Corinthian triremes equipped with a new, reinforced prow for bows-on ramming. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea. The two emerged around the same time, but grew into vastly different cities. 1c. Company Registration No: 4964706. The roles that Spartans men had in the civilization was very hard, when they are born the healthy kids were raised by the mothers but the unhealthy kids were taken to a cave so they die. The Spartans were the ones that wanted a strong army, a civilization with no freedom and less education for men so they could fight in the army. They were the biggest of rivals, two towering cities at their peak, the most influential cultural, military, and trade powers of western civilization in the first millennium B.C. The Athenians had a strong army but freedom was very important and the education to the people was a priority. Sparta is one of only three states in ancient Greece, along with Athens and Gortyn, for which any detailed information about the role of women survives. Sparta as a society is roundly criticized by most historical studies. In the manner of neighboring city-states the backbone of the Athenian military on land was the hoplite. C: describes the military training of Sparta and Athens. Athens had a strong navy and Sparta had a strong army. The Athens and Spartans were two civilizations with many differences and similarities. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Even food was simple. The main similarities and differences between Athens and Sparta are in their military, the role of males and females in society, and their type of government. Athens' government is a democracy, which means citizens have the power. ), both Sparta and Athens gathered allies and fought on and off for decades because no single city-state was strong enough to conquer the others.